MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="----=_NextPart_01CF1B9C.211276A0" Ce document est une page Web เ fichier unique, ou fichier archive Web. Si ce message est affich้, votre navigateur ou votre ้diteur ne prend pas en charge les fichiers archives Web. T้l้chargez un navigateur qui prend en charge les archives Web, par exemple Windowsฎ Internet Explorerฎ. ------=_NextPart_01CF1B9C.211276A0 Content-Location: file:///C:/59873C83/Gilgamesh-and-the-bull-of-heaven-Oxford-Translation-3rd-Millennium-BC.htm Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/html; charset="windows-1252" Gilgamesh and the bull of heaven, Oxford Translation, 3rd Millennium= BC

Gilgameš and the bull of heaven

(Sumerian text= , 3rd Millennium BC, University of Oxford translation, The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature)

Segment A

I will sing the s= ong of the man of battle, the man of battle. I will sing the song of Lord Gilgameš, = the man of battle, I will sing the song of him with = the well-proportioned limbs, the man of battle. I will sing the song of the mig= hty …… lord, the man of battle.

I will sing the s= ong of the lord with the very black beard, the man of battle. I will sing the s= ong of …… athletic strength, the man of battle. …… the king, the man ……; my king ……, my lord …… garden ……. …… courtyard, …… ĝipar; …… his mother who bore him spoke to the lord: "My king …… in the river= , my lord …… your garden."

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Segment B

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In the great courtyard, without there being any combat, a man ……. She perceived the cano= py, the canopy ……, holy Inana perceived the canopy, from the palace of the abzu, she perceived the canopy ……:

"My wild bul= l, my …… man, I shall not let you go! Lord Gilgameš, my wild bull, my …… man, I shall not let you go! I shall not let you go to dispense justice in the E-a= na! I shall not let you go to pronounce verdicts in my holy ĝipar! I shall not let you go to dispense justice in the E-ana beloved by An! Gilgameš, may you be ……, may you be ……!"

(Gilgameš speaks:= ) "I shall certainly not try to take over the portion of Inana in your <= span class=3Dtransux>ĝipar. Ninegala w= ill not …… because of my valorous strength. But Inana, lady, don't you block my way, either! My wish is to catch mountain bulls, to fill the cow-pens. I wish to= catc mountain sheep, to fill the sheepfolds. I wish t= o …… silver and cornelian."

The queen spoke w= ith a snort. Inana spoke with a snort: "…… say to you. …… say to you. ……, Gilgameš.&= quot;

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(An speaks:) "Its entrails……. Its hide ……. Its = blood ……."

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"Inana, it = will muddy the waters; it will …… cowpats. My one bel= oved by An, ……."

He let her hold t= he leash. An …….  "My child, what use would it be? It will stir up the waters, it will leave …… cowpats ……! If the great bull is let loos= e, …… Unug! If t= he great bull is let loose against Gilgameš,= …… Unug! I wi= ll not give her that which bears my own name."

(Inana speaks:) "Maybe it will muddy the waters, and will leave gigantic cowpats, but = let my father give me the Bull of Heaven, so I can kill the lord, so I can kill= the lord, so I can kill the lord, Lord Gilgameš!"

Great An replied= to holy Inana: "My child, the Bull of Heaven would not have any pasture, as its pastu= re is on the horizon. Maiden Inana, the Bull of Heaven can only graze where the sun rises. So I cannot give the Bull of Heaven to you!"

Holy Inana repl= ied to him: "I shall shout, and make my voice reach heaven and earth!"= ;

He was frightened= , he was frightened, he was frightened of Inana. Gre= at An replied= to holy Inana: "I shall give her the Bull of Heaven." She made her voice reach heaven ……, she made her voice reach earth; she made her voice reach heaven = ……, she made her voice reach earth. It covered them like a woollen garment, it was spread over them like a linen ga= rment. …… who could speak to her? …… who could speak to her? …… gave …….

In masculine fash= ion, the maiden Inana grasped it by the lapis-lazuli tether. Holy Inana brought the Bull of Heaven dow= n. At Unug, the = Bull devoured the pasture, and drank the water of the river in great slurps. With each slurp it used up one mile of the river, but its thirst was not satisfi= ed. It devoured the pasture and stripped the land bare. It broke up the palm tr= ees of Unug, as it bent them to fit them into its mouth. When it was standing, the Bull submer= ged Unug. The = aura of the Bull of Heaven submerged Kulaba.

Gilgameš spoke to Lugal-gabaĝal:  "Lugal-gabaĝal, tune your string= s; I wish to have a drink!" (Lugal-gabaĝal answers:) "…… drink, that is why nothing of= yours is important." …… replied to Lugal-gabaĝal.

Lord Gilgameš …= …. Inana …… the Bull of Heaven. At Unug, the Bull ……, and drank the wat= er of the river in great slurps. With each slurp it used up one mile of the ri= ver, but its thirst was not satisfied. It devoured the pasture and stripped the = land bare. His lady ……. Gilgameš …… said, "My mother ……, my sister ……, will …… the cattle to their tethering stakes, will …… the sheep to their tethering stakes, will …… to t= heir tethering stakes." Gilgameš ……, "Bull of Heaven, you, yes you, ……; you,= yes you -- you do not ……." Gilgameš …….

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"They will t= hrow your corpse in the deserted streets, and throw your intestines in the broad square. They will send your carcass to the knacker's, and I shall share out your meat in baskets to the widows' sons who are citizens of my city ……. I shall make flasks of your two horns for pouring fine oil to Inana in E-ana."

Inana watched from the top of the ramparts. The Bull bellowed in the dust, and Gilgameš walked at its head as Enkidu climbed up the rope of its ……. Their fellow-citi= zens came along ……. It covered them with dust, like a young calf unused to the y= oke. Enkidu sto= od behind the Bull and went round …….  He put …… and seized its tail. He spoke to his master Gilgameš:

"Ho, magnifi= cent one, extending your staff of office, born of noble lineage, splendour of the gods, furious bull standing ready for battle, wh= o is respected as the great lord Gilgameš of Unug! Your mother was truly skilled in bearing children, and your nurse was truly skil= led in suckling her charges! Lord born of noble lineage, ……= Do not fear,  t= he warrior without strength …… himself. There where the road is straight ……. …… axe ……."

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A version from Me-Turan

Segment A

I will sing the s= ong of the man of battle, the man of battle. I will sing the song of Lord Gilgameš, = the man of battle, I will sing the song of the lord = with the very black beard, the man of battle. I will sing the song of him with t= he well-proportioned limbs, the man of battle. I will sing the song of him in = his prime, the man of battle. I will sing the song of him who batters the wicke= d, the man of battle. The king, the lord, having …… as his mother who bore him ……, wishing to wash in the river.

My lord, having sought entry into the garden planted with junipers, the lord, coming from t= he ĝipar, sheared the woo= l of the fleecy sheep ……; …… he sat down ……. The king …… bending …… with the oar, the prince covered …… with the oar, as if it was of flourishing reed. You covered their wicked ones, as if ……, with water. He gave …… to his mother w= ho bore him. In the wide courtyard ……, Gilgameš …….

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In the great courtyard …….

Then …… the canopy ……. Holy Inana perceived the canopy, from the palace of the abzu, she perceived the canopy:

"My wild bul= l, my man, I shall not let you ……! <= span style=3D'mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:windowte= xt'>Gilgameš, I shall not let you ……! I shall not let you dispense justice in my E-ana! I shall = not let you pronounce verdicts in my holy ĝipar! I shall not let you dispense justice in the E-ana beloved by An! Gilgameš, may you ……, may I ……."= ;

The king, …… his mouth, the king …… to his mother who bore= him. Gilgameš …= … to Ninsumun …= …: "O mother who bore me, how ……! By the door of the = great gate ……. From the crenellations of the wall ……: "My wild bull, = my man, I shall not let you go ……! <= span style=3D'mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:windowte= xt'>Gilgameš, I shall not let you go ……! You dispensed justice in my E-ana -- I shall not let you go! You pron= ounced verdicts in my holy ĝipar -- I shall not let you go, in his beloved …… E-ana!"

When he had spoken thus to the mother who bore him, the mother who bore him replied to Gilgameš:<= o:p>

approx. 8 lines missing

Segment B

1-6. Holy= Inana ……. = An ……. …… the bon= d of heaven. An …… to holy Inana: "My child, ……." <= span class=3Dproper>Inana replied ……:<= /p>

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Segment C

It is uncertain if this segment belongs her= e.

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Segment D

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"My musician, Lugal-gabaĝar, perform your song, tune your strings! Give me beer to drink! Fill my bronze jug again! ……" Lugal-gabaĝar replied to his master, Gilgameš: "My master, you may eat, and you may drink, but as for me, how does th= is matter concern me?"

To defeat the Bul= l, ……, Gilgameš, to defeat the Bull, ……. …… his harness of fifty (text: five-si= xths) minas. …… his sword weighing seven talents and thirty m= inas. …… his battle axe. "My mother who bore me ……."

His sister ……. His mother who bore him ……. Peštur, his little sister ……. Gilgameš …… "My mother who bore me, in the house of Enki ……. Peštur, the little sister, ……, will bring back the cattle to= their tethering stakes ……, will bring back the sheep to their tethering stakes ……."

"Bull of Hea= ven, you, you, ……, yes, you! You crush them ……, and I= crush them ……. If you crush them, …… They shall consig= n your hide to the streets ……. They shall consign your intestines to the broad squ= are ……. The widows' sons of my city shall each take their share of your meat in baskets. They shall consign your carcass to the knacker's, and I shall turn your two horns into flasks for pouring fine oil to Inana in E-ana."

The B= ull …… in the dust. Gilgameš …… and Enkidu ……. Their fellow-citizens ……. …… with dust, like a youn= g calf unused to the yoke. Enkidu stood by the Bull's head and spoke to Gilgameš:

"Ho, magnifi= cent one, extending your staff of office, born of noble lineage, splendour of the gods, furious-hearted bull, standing ready for battle, warrior, …… your hand ……! The people ……, the people ……."

When Enkidu had spoken thus to Gilgameš, Gilgameš himself smote its skull with his axe weighing seven talents. The Bull reare= d up so high, so high that it overbalanced. It spattered like rain, it spread itself out like the harvested crop.

49-52. The king took his knife in his hand, just as if he wer= e a master chef. He hit Inana with a haunch, he made her flee away like a pige= on, and demolished those ramparts. Standing by the Bull's head, the king wept bitter tears: "Just as I can destroy you, so shall I do the same to her."

As he spoke, he consigned its hide to the streets, he consigned its intestines to the broad square, and the widows' sons of his city each took their share of its meat = in baskets. He consigned its carcass to the knacker's, and turned its two horns into flasks for pouring fine oil to Inana in E-ana. F= or the death of the Bull of Heaven: holy Inana, it is sweet to praise you!

Fragment of an earlier version from Nibru, dating to the= Ur III period

Segment A

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Seed of the ĝipar (=3D Gilgameš?) ……; he sat on the ……; that which was in the marsh, my king, to bend that wh= ich was in the marsh with the oar, the lord covered it with water with the oar,= as if they were flourishing reeds. That which exceeded, as if it was a reed  ……, he c= overed with water. In the wide courtyard …… of the temple of <= span class=3DSpellE>Inana Gilgameš …= ….

My king, having sought entry into the garden of junipers, the seed of the ĝipar …… the sheep of the queen  …… sheared the wool; he sat on the ……. He leant over the mars= h; my king leant over the marsh; he bent it with the oar.

The lord covered = it with water as if they were flourishing reeds; that which exceeded, as if it= was a reed ……, he covered it with water.

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Segment B

I shall not try to take over the portion of Inana in the ĝipar; …… shall= not cover my valiant arm with a garment!

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