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Inana and E= bih
(Sumerian text= , 3rd Millennium BC, University of Oxford translation, The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature)
Goddess of the fearsome divine powers, clad in terror, riding on the great divine powers, Inana, made perfect by the holy a-an-kar weapon, drenched in blood, rushing around in great battles, with shield res= ting on the ground, covered in storm and flood, great lady = Inana, knowing well how to plan conflicts, you destroy mighty lands with arrow and strength and overpower lands.
In heaven and on earth you roar like a lion and devastate the people. Like a huge wild bull you triumph over lands which are hostile. Like a fear= some lion you pacify the insubordinate and unsubmissive with your gall.
My lady, on your acquiring the stature of heaven, maiden Inana, on = your becoming as magnificent as the earth, on your coming forth like Utu the king and stretching your arms wide,= on your walking in heaven and wearing fearsome terror, on your wearing daylight and brilliance on earth, on your walking in the mountain ranges and bringing forth beaming rays, on your bathing the girin<= /span> plants of the mountains (in light), on your giving birth to the bright mountain, the mountain, the holy place, on your ……, on your being strong wi= th the mace like a joyful lord, like an enthusiastic lord, on your exulting in such battle like a destructive weapon, the black-headed people ring out in = song and all the lands sing their song sweetly.
I shall praise the lady of battle, the great child of Suen, maid= en Inana.
(Inana announced:) "When I, the goddess, was walking aro= und in heaven, walking around on earth, when I, Inana, was walking around in heaven, walking around on earth, when I was walking around in Elam and Subir, when I was walking around in = the Lulubi mountains, when I turned towards the centre of = the mountains, as I, the goddess, approached the mountain it showed me no respe= ct, as I, Inana, approached the mountain it showed me no respect, as I approached the mounta= in range of Ebih it showed me no respect."
"Since they did not act appropriately on their own initiative, since they did not put their noses to the ground for me, since they did not= rub their lips in the dust for me, I shall fill my hand with the soaring mounta= in range and let it learn fear of me."
"Against its magnificent sides I shall place magnificent batter= ing-rams, against its small sides I shall place small battering-rams. I shall storm it and start the 'game' of holy Inana. In = the mountain range I shall start battles and prepare conflicts."
"I shall prepare arrows in the quiver. I shall …… slingstones with the rope. I shall begin the polishin= g of my lance. I shall prepare the throw-stick and the shield."<= /span>
"I shall set fire to its thick forests. I shall take an axe to = its evil-doing. I shall make Gibil, the purifier, do his work at its watercourses. I= shall spread this terror through the inaccessible mountain range Aratta."
"Like a city which
conduct. May Ebih
give me honour and praise me."<=
Inana, the child of Suen, put on the garment of royalty and girded herself in joy. She bedecked her forehead with terror and fearsome radiance. She arranged cornelian rosettes around her holy throat. She brandished the seven-headed šita weapon vigorously to her right and placed straps of lapis lazuli on her fee= t.
At dusk she came forth regally and stood in the street at the Gate of
Wonder. She made an offering to
and addressed a prayer to him.
An, in delight at Inana, stepped forward and took his place. He filled the seat of honour of heaven.
(Inana announced:) "An, my fat=
I greet you! Lend your ear to my words. An
has made me terrifying throughout heaven. Owing to you my word has no rival=
heaven or on earth. At the limits of heaven are the =
weapon, the antibal and mansium emblems."
"To set the socle in position and m= ake the throne and foundation firm, to carry the might of the šita weapon which bends like a mubum<= /span> tree, to hold the ground with the sixfold yoke,= to extend the thighs with the fourfold yoke, to pursue murderous raids and widespread miltary campaigns, to appear to those kings in the …… of heaven like moonlight, to shoot the arrow from the arm a= nd fall on fields, orchards and forests like the tooth of the locust, to take = the harrow to rebel lands, to remove the locks from their city gates so the doo= rs stand open -- King An, you have inde= ed given me all this, and ……."
"You have placed me at the right hand of the king in order to
destroy rebel lands: may he, with my aid, smash heads like a falcon in the
foothills of the mountain, King
and may I …… your name throughout the land like a thread."<=
"May he destroy the lands as a snake in a c= revice. May he make them slither around like a saĝkal= span> snake coming down from a mountain. May he establ= ish control over the mountain, examine it and know its length. May he go out on= the holy campaign of An = and know its depth. I want to surpass the other deities, since the Anuna deit= ies have ……."
"How can it be that the mountain did not fear me in heaven and = on earth, that the mountain did not fear me, Inana, in heaven and on earth, that = the mountain range of Ebih, the mountain, did not fear me in heaven and on earth? Because it did not act appropriately on its own initiative, because it did not put its nose to the ground, because it did not rub its lips in the dust, may I fill my hand with the soaring mountain range and make it learn fear of me."= span>
"Against its magnificent sides let me place magnificent batteri= ng rams, against its small sides let me place small battering rams. Let me sto= rm it and start the 'game' of holy <= span style=3D'mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:windowte= xt'>Inana. In the mountain range let me set up battle and prepare conflicts."
"Let me prepare arrows in the quiver. Let me …… slingstones with the rope. Let me begin the polishing of my lance. Let me prepare the throw-stick and the shield."
"Let me set fire to its thick forests. Let me take an axe to its evil-doing. Let me make Gibil, the purifier, do his work at its watercourses. Let me spread this terror through the inaccessible mountain range Aratta."
"Like a city which
conduct. May Ebih
give me honour and praise me."<=
An, the king of the deities, answered her: "My little one demands= the destruction of this mountain, what is she taking on? <= span class=3Dproper>Inana demands the destruction of this mountain, what is she taking on? She demands the destruction of this mounta= in, what is she taking on?"
"It has poured fearsome terror on the abodes of the gods. It has spread fear among the holy dwellings of the Anuna deities. Its fearsomeness is terrible and weighs upon the Land. The mountain range's radiance is terrible and weighs upon all the lands. Its arrogance extends grandly to the centre of heaven."
"Fruit hangs in its flourishing gardens and luxuriance spreads forth. Its magnificent trees, a crown in the heavens, …= … stand as a wonder to behold. In <= span style=3D'mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:windowte= xt'>Ebih …… lions are abundant under the canopy of trees and bright branches. It mak= es wild rams and stags freely abundant. It stands wild bulls in flourishing gr= ass. Deer couple among the cypress trees of the mountain range."=
"Its fearsomen= ness is terrible -- you cannot pass through. The mountain range's radiance is terrible -- maiden Inana, you cannot oppose it." Thus he spoke.
The mistress, in her rage and anger, opened the arsenal and pushed on the lapis lazuli gate. She brought out magnificent battle and called up a g= reat storm. Holy Inana reached for the quiver. She raised a towering flood with evil silt. She sti= rred up an evil raging wind with potsherds.
My lady confronted the mountain range. She advanced step by step. She sharpened both edges of her dagger. She grabbed Ebih's neck as if ripping up esparto grass. She pressed the dagger's teeth into its interior. She roared like thunder.
The rocks forming the body of Ebih clattered down its flanks. From its sides and crevices great serpents spat venom. She damned its forests and cursed its trees. She killed its oak trees with drought. She poured fire on its flanks and made its smoke dense.The goddess established authority over the moun= tain. Holy Inana did as she wished.
She went to the mountain range of Ebih and addressed it: "Mountain range, because of your elevation, because = of your height, because of your attractiveness, because of your beauty, becaus= e of your wearing a holy garment, because of your reaching up to heaven, because= you did not put your nose to the ground, because you did not rub your lips in t= he dust, I have killed you and brought you low."
"As with an elephant I have seized your tusks. As with a great = wild bull I have brought you to the ground by your thick horns. As with a bull I have forced your great strength to the ground and pursued you savagely. I h= ave made tears the norm in your eyes. I have placed laments in your heart. Bird= s of sorrow are building nests on these flanks."
For a second time, rejoicing in fearsome terror, she spoke out righteously: "My father Enlil has poured my great terror over the centre of t= he mountains. On my right side he has placed a weapon. On my left side a …… is placed. My anger, a harrow with great teeth, has torn the mountain apart.&q= uot;
"I have built a palace and done much more. I have put a throne = in place and made its foundation firm. I have given the <= span class=3Dtransux>kurĝara cult performers a dagger and prod. I have given the <= span style=3D'mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'>gala= span> cult performers ub and lilis drums. I have transformed the pilipili cult performers."
"In my victory I rushed towards the mountain. In my victory I rushed towards Ebih, the mountain range. I went forward like a surging flood, and like rising wa= ter I overflowed the dam. I imposed my victory on the mountain. I imposed my victory on Ebih."
For destroying Ebih, great child of Suen, maiden Inana, be praised.